Presentation by Luc Hornstra, PhD
Natural Viruses for Monitoring the Integrity of Reverse Osmosis Membranes With > 7 LRV Without Addition of Virus Surrogates
RO membranes are technically capable of achieving complete virus removal, but leaking seals and membrane damage can cause small leaks, so the integrity should be monitored. Current methods can determine a LRV of 3, so the full removal capacity for viruses cannot be verified in full scale installations. Challenge tests with virus surrogates are not ...