In potable reuse, reverse osmosis (RO) is important for system-level salinity management and as a pathogen barrier in the treatment train. Scaling is a key driver of cost for RO systems because it increases energy use and leads to more frequent cleaning and replacement of membrane elements. Phosphate-induced scaling in particular has been identified as a challenge for RO in water reuse applications, because phosphate is a common constituent in wastewater. This paper presents a case study in system-level optimization to control phosphate scaling in a potable reuse scheme.
This presentation is available to AMTA Members only.
- Michael Adelman / Mia S. Smith / Zakir Hirani / Eileen Y. Idica / Seppi Henneman / Joseph Quicho
- MWH Global, Inc. / Stantec MWH / Trussell Technologies, Inc. / Brown & Caldwell / San Diego Public Utilities
- AMTA/AWWA Membrane Technology Conference, Long Beach, CA
- AMTA/AWWA Membrane Technology Conference
- Operations, Pretreatment, Reverse Osmosis, Fouling, Reuse