This paper attempts to identify the cause of silica polymerization during formation of calcium phosphate scales at elevated pH, and investigates methods to inhibit this co?precipitation even when ferric ions are present in the feedwater of wastewater RO systems.
This presentation is available to AMTA Members only.
- Mo Malki
- American Water Chemicals, Inc.
- AMTA/SEDA AMTA Annual and SEDA Annual, Miami Beach, FL
- AMTA/SEDA Annual Conference
- antiscalant, silica polymerization, calcium phosphate scale, reverse osmosis