As the gap between world-wide water supply and demand widens and the availability of fresh water supplies dwindle, neew technologies are urgently needed to treat impaired waters in a sustainable manner. RO represents the best current tecchnology to meet this need but dispite major advancements in RO membrane efficiency and significant reducations in energy use, RO has major limitations for the treatment of impaired waters, including high pretreatment costs, recovery limitations related to scaling ions and salinity levels, and when treating seawater and higher TDS water, significant energy footprint. Drawing on a wide rande of sources, this paper describes innovative technologies, provide insight into the stae of their development, and discuss where each may be best applied within the desalination market.
This presentation is available to AMTA Members only.
- Jim C. Lozier, P.E.
- CH2M HILL, Inc.
- AWWA/AMTA Membrane Technology Conference, Las Vegas, NV
- AWWA/AMTA Membrane Technology Conference
- Advances, Desalination, Innovative Technologies