The development of membrane based brine minimization alternatives that do not require traditional lime softening pre-treatment provide the designers and operators of inland brackish water RO systems additional tools for concentrate management. The most cost effective alternative will depend on the feedwater chemistry, ultimate disposal options, funding constraints and operational requirements.
This presentation is available to AMTA Members only.
- Douglas Brown, PE, BCEE
- CDM Smith Inc.
- AMTA/SEDA AMTA Annual and SEDA Annual, Miami Beach, FL
- AMTA/SEDA Annual Conference
- Concentrate, desalination, reverse osmosis