High turbidity during the rainy winter season forced the city to shut down its conventional WTP during the winter. To reduce the cities dependence on groundwater during these months. In 2003 a study had recommended an MF facility, however it was put on hold due to funding. In 2008 because of poor industry performance of polymeric membranes the city decided to investigate ceramic membranes. Despite a higher capital cost they chose ceramic membranes for 3 reasons: 1. Ease of use; 2. 20 year warranty and; 3. Competitive lifecycle costs to Pall and Siemens.
This presentation is available to AMTA Members only.
- Amy Miller, P.E.
- HDR Engineering, Inc.
- AMTA Annual Meeting, San Diego, CA
- San Diego Biennial
- Ceramic membranes, Lifecycle Costs