Membrane facilities are becoming a common and economical form of water treatment. Special design and operational considerations must be made when using in cold climates, as their efficiencies can be affected by changes in water density. Reviewing published literature combined with operational experience from both pilot and full scale membrane systems provides valuable insight into coping with seasonal variations in membrane performance.
This presentation is available to AMTA Members only.
- Jordan Grasser, PE
- Advanced Engineering and Environmental Services (AE2S)
- AMTA/NWMOA Technology Transfer Workshop, Bozeman, MT
- AMTA/NWMOA Technology Transfer Workshop
- Design and Operation, Cold Water, Membranes