This paper describes a new silica scale prediction model and emphasizes the importance of considering cation species and concentrations in any membrane scaling projection. Two case studies are presented, each of which had been used to validate the new silica scaling model and the silica kinetics index.
This presentation is available to AMTA Members only.
- Mo Malki
- American Water Chemicals, Inc.
- AMTA/AWWA Membrane Technology Conference, Orlando, FL
- AMTA/AWWA Membrane Technology Conference
- Silica Scaling Prediction, Silica Polymerization Mechanism, Catalysis by Hydroxyl Ions