This paper summarizes the decision process utilities may use to look at replacing the lime softening system with nanofiltration (NF) or even low-pressure reverse osmosis (LPRO). The factors that go into this analysis are presented and a real-life example at Marco Island Florida of the analysis is given.
This presentation is available to AMTA Members only.
- Joseph Elarde, PE
- CH2M HILL, Inc.
- AMTA/AWWA Membrane Technology Conference, San Antonio, TX
- AMTA/AWWA Membrane Technology Conference
- lime softening, nanofiltration, Marco Island, process change