The purpose of this paper is to compare concentrate management strategies for recycled wastewater, highly brackish groundwater, seawater, and saline surface water. Discussed is a process for generating calcium carbonate by combining carbon dioxide emissions from power plants with seawater to mitigate global warming, and to recycle the calcium carbonate in cement or concrete. Other concentrate management examples are explored in the paper including potential scale, costs, advantages and disadvantages, and fatal flaws (if any). The paper encourages different ways of thinking and cross-industry collaboration for mutual benefit, economic gain, and environmental preservation.
This presentation is available to AMTA Members only.
- Brent Alspach, P.E., BCEE
- Malcolm Pirnie, Inc. / ARCADIS
- AMTA/AWWA Membrane Technology Conference, San Antonio, TX
- AMTA/AWWA Membrane Technology Conference
- recycled wastewater concentrate management, highly brackish groundwater concentrate management, seawater concentrate management, saline surface water concentrate management