Water treatment using membrane technology will always generate a coninuous flow of concentrate which must be discharged or the water treatment process will stop. Discharge can be treatment of the concentrate to a solid or ZLD but currently at a relatively high cost. The concentrate will contain only the elements present in the raw water, or contaminants depending on the viewpoint, at much higher concentrations. Ideally the concentrate is a resource somewhere or to someone which makes an ideal disposal resolution. This presentation will outline the issues associated with concentrate discharge.
This presentation is available to AMTA Members only.
- John Potts, PE
- Kimley-Horn & Associates, Inc.
- AMTA/SEDA One-Day Targeted Workshop, Jupiter, FL
- AMTA/SEDA One-Day Targeted Workshop
- Concentrate, Permitting, Disposal