This paper presents a listing of membrane facilities in Texas, using the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality (TCEQ) and Texas Water Development Board (TWDB) data bases along with research investigations of facilities not listed. A unique insight is offered into how membrane technology is rapidly developing in Texas and what is influencing factors and market drivers. The type, number and location of membrane facilities provides a roadmap of this developing market around water supply sources that require the least amount of pretreatment. Microfiltration – MF and Ultrafilitration – UF) are included. The development of softening/desalination membrane plants is found to be driven by basin water quality and brackish ground water development. Nanofiltration – NF, Reverse Osmosis – RO and Electrodialysis Reversal – EDR are also included. The rapid growth of membrane facilities is driven by economics and a variety of other market drivers including: increased productivity/flux rates, extended productive membrane life, lower feed pressures and higher recovery rates (significant energy reduction), smaller footprint, security, acceptance by State regulatory agencies, and more stringent water quality regulations that are costly for conventional plants to meet.
This presentation is available to AMTA Members only.
- Michael Morrison, PE
- Freese and Nichols, Inc.
- AMTA Biennial Conference, Las Vegas, NV
- Biennial Conference
- Electrodialysis Reversal - EDR, membrane facilities in Texas, Texas Commission on Environmental Quality (TCEQ), Texas Water Development Board (TWDB), Membranes, Desalination, Public Water Systems, Membrane Data Base, advanced treatment practices.