U.S. MUNICIPAL DESALINATION PLANT STATISTICS AND CONCENTRATE MANAGEMENT PRACTICES AND ISSUES. The concentrate management (CM) problem is that it is getting more difficult to manage concentrate in a cost-effective and environmentally safe
manner. The challenge of managing concentrate is related to its volume, salinity, and composition. Historically and to this day, management has amounted to disposal. Unfortunately, the most widely used disposal options can impact source waters. The same environmental and health concerns that have led to the demand for higher quality treatment and increased use of desalination have also led to increased protection of source waters. As a result, it has become more difficult to find a longterm sustainable concentrate disposal option, and in some cases desalination plants have not been built due to concentrate disposal issues.
This presentation is available to AMTA Members only.
- Michael Mickley, Ph.D., P.E.
- Mickley & Associates LLC
- AWWA/AMTA Membrane Technology Conference, Glendale, AZ
- AWWA/AMTA Membrane Technology Conference
- Municipal Desalination, Statistics, Practices