This paper discusses the implications that increasing water recovery has on feed water chemistries and how additional pretreatment is required to eliminate specific solute compounds from interfering with reverse osmosis (RO) system separations and efficiency. Examples of actual system designs with specific feed water chemistries are discussed to show the necessary pretreatment steps required to mitigate water chemistry issues in high recovery RO systems.
This presentation is available to AMTA Members only.
- Ken Klinko, PE
- CDM Smith Inc.
- AMTA/AWWA Membrane Technology Conference, San Antonio, TX
- AMTA/AWWA Membrane Technology Conference
- Reverse Osmosis, High Recovery, Pretreatment